Archive for May, 2017

Abraham, Week 2: Home

May 26, 2017

Our discussion this week truly begins our study of the book, Abraham: A Story of Three Faiths. If you’re following along in the reading, the chapter we discussed on Wednesday, May 23 was called Home. In this chapter Mr. Feiler lays the groundwork for his investigation of Abraham, beginning with a visit to Jerusalem.
We began this week by reading Genesis 12:1-9 (New Revised Standard Version (NRSV))

The Call of Abram
12 Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. 2 I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse; and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.”4 So Abram went, as the Lord had told him; and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he departed from Haran. 5 Abram took his wife Sarai and his brother’s son Lot, and all the possessions that they had gathered, and the persons whom they had acquired in Haran; and they set forth to go to the land of Canaan. When they had come to the land of Canaan, 6 Abram passed through the land to the place at Shechem, to the oak of Moreh. At that time the Canaanites were in the land. 7 Then the Lord appeared to Abram, and said, “To your offspring I will give this land.” So he built there an altar to the Lord, who had appeared to him. 8 From there he moved on to the hill country on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east; and there he built an altar to the Lord and invoked the name of the Lord. 9 And Abram journeyed on by stages toward the Negeb.

For background I put together a set of images showing various maps of Abraham’s journey as well as some modern day pictures of Ur, Haran, Shechem, Bethel, Ai and the Negev– locations given in the scripture passage of where Abraham had traveled. At the end are a set of pictures of Jerusalem, and it is easy to see how close in proximity are landmarks of the three faiths. In one image is the Dome of the Rock, a building with a golden dome, which marks the spot that each faith sees as a touchstone– the place where Mohammad was taken into heaven by Allah, the place where Jesus preached, the place where Isaac was offered by Abraham as sacrifice.

Jerusalem is a good place to begin to understand what it means to be monotheistic; understanding monotheism can help us understand the roots of the difficulty of coexistence that the three faiths have.

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church defines monotheism as belief in one personal and transcendent God. In simple terms, Muslims believe Allah is the one God; Christians believe God as expressed as Creator/Christ/Spirit is the one God; Jews believe that Yahweh is the one God. For each of these groups even acknowledging that the others have a god of their own is to acknowledge that there is more than one God. Thus, it becomes important to maintain an exclusivity or purity of belief in their particular deity. Over time each faith tradition has attempted to impose its own religious beliefs and practices on the others– which continues until today.

Below are some notes I pulled out of Mr. Feiler’s book, on which we centered our discussion:

Notes from Abraham: A Journey to the Heart of Three Faiths (B. Feiler): Home
A piece of land emerged out of the water [of creation]. That land is the Rock, and the rock is here.
Adam was buried here, Solomon built here, Jesus prayed here. Muhammad ascended here.
Abraham came here to bury his son.
The Rock is considered the navel of the world
Stand here, you can see eternity. Stand here, you can touch the source.
o Stand here, you can smell burning flesh.
Any panorama, any camera angle, any genuflection that encompasses one will necessarily include at least one of the others.
Jewish boy, Joshua’s, comment (re: waiting for the messiah to come and make all things new, but unable to imagine it happening with Muslims present.)

Abraham
Shared ancestor of Judaism, Christianity and Islam
History’s first monotheist
Found in Hebrew Bible, New Testament, Koran—which often disagree about Abraham’s history, even on basic matters
Even Abraham’s itinerary changed between generations and religions
]for we who study Abraham in this book, we are looking at] 3 religions, 4 millennia, one never-ending war.

Abraham’s offering of Isaac is a shared story, a shared touchstone for the three faiths.
Christianity—we read at Lent/ Easter– Isaac/ Jesus as ‘sacrifice’
Judaism—Rosh Hashannah
Islam—‘Id al-Adha—“the feast of the sacrifice” -climax of the pilgrimage
But can’t agree on what son was victim
Is that the model of holiness, the legacy of Abraham: to be prepared to kill for God?

Story from David Willna —the point of the story is that this degree of brotherly love is necessary before God can be manifest in the world.
“This (Jerusalem) is not only the spot where it is possible to connect with God, it’s the spot where you can connect with God only if you understand what it means to connect with one another” (David Willna)
“The relationship between a person and another human being is what creates and allows for a relationship with God. If you’re not capable of living with each other and getting along with each other, then you’re not capable of having a relationship with God.” (David Willna)

As we begin this study we see that there is a connection between these three faiths through the ancestor Abraham, but that each wants to claim the God of Abraham as its own one true God. Is the connection enough to say that we share one God through Abraham?

Please leave any comments or discussions in the comment section below.
For next week we’ll read the next chapter, Birth, and begin to seek out the ancestor we call Abraham.

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Abraham: A Journey to the Heart of Three Faiths

May 19, 2017

This month we’re beginning a new study of Bruce Feiler’s book, Abraham: A Journey to the Heart of Three Faiths. In this book Mr. Feiler journeys around the Middle East, talking to believers of Judiasm, Christianity and Islam about the role that Abraham plays in their particular faith tradition. It is an interesting story and a very readable book, and if you can’t join us on Wednesdays at 5:30 for the discussion, I hope you’ll check in here and add your own comments!

I will be blogging each week about our discussion and I hope to hear from some of you as you follow along. If you are not a part of the COF family, you should know that we are a part of the Christian faith tradition. However, our purpose is to learn something about the heritage we have in common with Judaism and Islam, so hopefully we will have some discussion around those faith traditions as well.

We began this week with an overview of the book, a reading of the beginning of the Abraham story found in Genesis (11:26-12:9), and a discussion of what we know about Abraham as we begin. Abraham is first mentioned as Abram in Genesis 11:26: When Terah had lived seventy years, he became the father of Abram, Nahor, and Haran. Before we get to this point we’ve had the creation story, Adam and Eve in and out of Eden, Cain and Abel, Noah, and the Tower of Babel. Right after the Babel story there is a listing of descendants of Noah beginning with Shem, through about 8 generations until we get to Terah, the father of Abram. Besides Shem there is nothing noted about these generational ancestors; there is little know even of Terah except that he lived in Ur and at some point gathered his family and set out for Caanan. Along the way they came to a place called Haran and settled there. Terah’s son Haran had already died before they left Ur, but along with Terah came Abram and Sarai, his wife, as well as Lot, the son of Haran.

Questions:

As we begin our study of Abraham and his relationship to Judaism, Christianity and Islam, what do we know about him?

As we begin our study of Abraham and his relationship to Judiasm, Christianity and Islam, what do we know about the origins and tenets of these three faith traditions?

Our discussion:

Abram and others in this part of the OT* are given ages of hundreds of years. Is this true? Did people really live longer then, or did they reckon time differently?

  • They reckoned time differently– years were shorter
  • This comes out of oral tradition, and a difference of understanding of “age” than what we have today
  • The numbers given as final age were largely symbolic and depended on the status of the individual named.

What do we know about Abraham?

  • His original name was Abram and his wife’s original name was Sarai. At some point God changed their names.
  • Abraham was ordered by God to sacrifice his son Isaac
  • He was given to lying; twice lied about Sarai being his sister instead of his wife.
  • Sarah his wife could not have children; thus his first son was Ishmael from Hagar. Ishmael and his descendants split off into a separate line of descendants.
  • Abram was rich.
  • Abram was nomadic.

What do we know about the origins of Christianity, Judaism and Islam (and about them in general?)

  • They are monotheistic religions
  • Christianity began when the apostles began to see themselves as separate from Judaism
  • Islam began when Mohammad had a vision which became the Quran (this is the faith tradition that we all know the least about.)
  • We discussed the idea that oral tradition played a large role in the beginnings of each faith tradition and that eventually things were written down. There are similarities in the stories found in each tradition– much of the wisdom that these three traditions are know for are found in other traditions around the world.
  • All three have a history of “winning” over the others, each tradition believes “we” will win the ultimate battle and become the one true religion (and each already has an element of believing themselves to be the one true religion.)

This study will take about 10 weeks. The book is divided into sections:

  • An introduction, called Home, in which we discover the Rock of Abraham, the beginnings and touchstone of Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
  • God of Abraham, which will talk about the birth and call of Abram.
  • Children of Abraham, in which we learn about Ishmael and Isaac and how they factor into the development of the three faith traditions.
  • People of Abraham, with a chapter for the Jewish, Christian and Muslim faith tradition
  • Blood of Abraham, in which the legacy of Abraham is discovered.

Next week we’ll begin with Home and the questions that led Mr. Feiler to decide to take this journey of discovery of how Abraham fits into each of the three faith traditions.

So what do you think? If you’d like to read along and join the discussion, the book is available in paperback on Amazon or can be downloaded to Kindle. Please share your thoughts below; keep it clean and civil please, comments will be moderated.

*Some Christians call this part of our Bible “Hebrew Scriptures” but to me that isn’t entirely accurate either, so for the purposes of this study OT and NT will refer to the Christian Bible, the Torah will refer to scriptures of Judaism, and the Quran will refer to scriptures of Islam.